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Biodiversity Effects of Mariculture (2002)
WFT prepared a review paper on the biodiversity effects of mariculture for the Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group on Mariculture.
Mariculture is the farming and husbandry of marine plants and animals in brackishwater or marine environments. While mariculture output is still dwarfed by the tonnage of farmed freshwater organisms, it is growing explosively and its practices have important implications for marine biodiversity, especially in light of a trend toward the culture of high-value carnivorous species.
Mariculture practices have many effects on biodiversity, ranging from the genetic effects of large-scale deliberate release of farmed fish into the wild to the effects on primary productivity that filter down through the food chain.
WFT prepared a review paper as a background document for the Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group on Mariculture, established by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.
The paper helped the expert group evaluate the state of scientific and technical knowledge on the effects of mariculture on marine and coastal biodiversity, and provide guidance on criteria, methods and techniques that avoid the adverse effects of mariculture and stock enhancement on marine and coastal biological diversity.
With support from Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity