Helping to create thriving communities and healthy environments
Action Before Extinction: an International Workshop on Fish Genetic Conservation (1998)
WFT brought together representatives of fish genetic conservation programs around the world to discuss techniques and policies.
Genetic conservation means saving genetic variability before it disappears. A number of nations have begun fish genetic conservation programs, and more are being planned.
With Action Before Extinction, WFT brought representatives of these programs together for the first time, to discuss techniques and policies. The workshop was held in February 1998, in Vancouver, and was attended by delegates from fifteen countries, including Canada.
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With support from: Alcan Aluminum Ltd., BC Hydro, BC Ministry of Fisheries, Environment Canada, Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), Creative Salmon Co., Fisheries and Oceans Canada, International Development Research Centre (IDRC), and the Robert Schad Foundation.
TABLE OF CONTENTS AND EXCERPTS FROM THE CONFERENCE (coming soon)
Coastal communities of northeastern Brazil are some of the most disadvantaged in the country. The lower social classes in these areas have traditionally relied on artisanal fisheries of coastal marine resources, including fish, shellfish, and algae. Fishing of bivalve molluscs is an important economic activity in many coastal communities of northeastern Brazil. However, decades of uncontrolled and unplanned collection has exhausted natural stocks. In addition, pollution from urban development is seriously contaminating remaining clam beds - resulting in serious environmental and socio-economic consequences.
Brazilian rivers are home to a spectacular variety of large migratory fish species of high economic and social value. These species make long annual journeys upriver to spawn, but their biology and distribution are not well known.
Like so much of the world's freshwater species, many of these migratory fish have been declining in numbers and diversity for decades. As with salmon in North America, the reasons for the decline in South American migratory fish stocks are complex. They include overfishing, pollution, loss of habitat, deforestation and the construction of dams that block migration routes.
Together with a network of Brazilian and Canadian partners, WFT carried out a three-year project to promote the conservation and awareness of migratory fish species in four major river basins in Brazil. The project's goal, "to ensure the preservation, and thus permit the utilization, of native Brazilian fish genetic diversity", was accomplished though training, technology development, networking and public awareness in both Canada and Brazil.
Centrais Eléctricas do Sul do Brasil S.A.
Central Eléctrica de Furnas
Brazilian institutions that became part of the network associated with the project and/or benefited from project activities, beyond the original partners, include:
Associação Mineira de Aquicultura
Companhia de Saneamento do Distrito Federal, Brasília
Centro de Apoio ao Pescador (Três Marias, MG)
Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Peixes Tropicais
Fundação ZooBotanica de Belo Horizonte
Piscicultura Panama Ltda. (Santa Caterina)
Departamentos de Pesca e Servico de Inspeção de Pescado e Derivados / Ministerio de Agricultura e do Abastecimento (Brasilia)
Secretaria de Recursos Hídricos (Brasilia)
Universidade Estadual de São Paulo
Universidade do Vale de Sinos (Rio Grande do Sul)
Universidade do Oeste de Santa Caterina
Universidade de São Paulo
Canadian and North American institutions that participated in project activities, beyond those initially proposed:
BC Ministry of Environment
BC Ministry of Agriculture and Lands
BC Ministry of Forests and Range
Future SEA Technologies Inc.
Northwest Marine Technology Inc.
Sea Spring Salmon Farms Ltd.